The tourism satellite account of Malaysia: Basic understanding, implementation and issuesKong Yew Wong, Yew Wen Nie
Article extrait de la revue Tourisme n°16
Juillet 2012 - 18 pages
The development and growing needs of the hospitality and tourism sectors have given international organizations such as the World Tourism Organization (WTO), the United Nation (UN) and the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) the idea to develop a framework of tourism statistics that is accepted universally. This has led to the call for the development of a Tourism Satellite Account (TSA), which received official approval from the United Nations in March 2000. This strategic project by the WTO is developed by countries to identify the value of tourism expenditure and the proportion of each industry’s output that is consumed by tourists. Since it obtained approval from the UN, a few countries have undertaken the assessment program. While few countries may have successfully implemented the whole process, this framework has not yet gained popularity in most countries. Reasons might be because of the need for trained manpower and timely information from the tourism industry. Cooperation between the providers and the producers of the statistics in these countries is vital in order to produce valid and reliable information. The basic exploratory research that is done based on intensive literature review has surfaced the idea of Malaysia exploring the possibility of profoundly developing TSA in order to get a clear picture of the contribution of the tourism industry to this country. In 2001, Malaysia started the development of this account and in 2005, became active in the process. Many activities were carried out as follow-ups after the process of data collection in the year 2006. Therefore, this paper aims to provide a basic understanding of the anatomy of TSA, its development and the positive effects of the implementation of this framework together with conceptual TSA issues which might be crucial in the initial construction of, and for on-going maintenance of TSA, with the intention of providing comprehensive and practical results.
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